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可再生能源将主导中东北非2500亿美元电力项目

   2022-09-09 互联网综合消息
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核心提示:据阿拉伯贸易网2022年9月7日阿布扎比报道,业内官员和专家说,中东和北非地区(Mena)价值约2500亿美元的电

据阿拉伯贸易网2022年9月7日阿布扎比报道,业内官员和专家说,中东和北非地区(Mena)价值约2500亿美元的电力项目将经历从化石燃料向可再生能源以及清洁核能的过渡转变。 

9月7日,在阿联酋康拉德阿布扎比埃迪哈德大厦举行的为期两天的2022年中东和北非地区电力项目会议上,与会代表表示,今年中东和北非地区可再生能源的装机容量预计将增加5.6吉瓦,几乎是去年上线的3吉瓦的两倍。 

根据阿拉伯石油投资公司(Apicorp)发布的最新报告,到2026年前,中东和北非地区可再生能源装机容量预计将增加33吉瓦,其中约26吉瓦为公用事业和分布式太阳能光伏。

200多名代表参会  

二百多名代表出席此次活动,代表中包括政府高级官员、项目负责人、项目管理专业人员、项目开发商、承包商、分包商、技术设备供应商、公用事业供应商、业界专家及关键利益相关者。

阿联酋官员表示,阿联酋处于从化石燃料向可再生能源和绿色氢生态系统转型的最前沿。阿联酋能源和基础设施部负责水、电力和未来能源事务的助理副部长对与会代表们表示,阿联酋2050年能源战略有明确的目标:到2050年前将清洁能源在总能源结构中的份额提高到50%;将发电的碳足迹减少70%,并将所有用户的消费效率提高40%。

清洁电气化  

阿里说:“在未来10年,阿联酋将专注于通过太阳能和核电推动清洁电气化,实施透明政策,提高能源效率,减少甲烷排放,并通过涡轮推进创新来实现氢气的商业化,同时采取战略来释放资本流动,以支持清洁能源转型,确保可靠性和可负担性。”

他说,为了支持阿联酋的国家议程和电力和水务部门的发展,阿联酋政府已经启动战略项目来改造这个部门,即核电,这是中东和北非地区的一个开创性举措,它领导了该地区第一个大规模太阳能光伏发电厂、第一个太阳能热利用、电池存储、水电存储、废物制能源等。 

阿拉伯可再生能源委员会秘书长穆罕默德·阿尔·塔尼表示:“到2040年前,阿拉伯世界在运行的电动汽车将超过3亿辆。” 

氢燃料汽车和电动汽车  

阿里说:“从2020年到2050年,阿拉伯世界将见证7000亿美元投资用于可再生能源转型,目标是到2050年前利用可再生能源发电量超过70吉瓦。到2040年前,氢燃料汽车和电动汽车将达到3亿辆,到2050年前,将超过现在在用汽车总数的60%。”

根据国际可再生能源署(IRENA)的泛阿拉伯清洁能源(PACE)倡议,阿拉伯世界承诺到2030年前将可再生能源发电量提高到80吉瓦。这将在未来几年带来大量的可再生能源项目投产。  

根据Apicorp公布的数据,对中东和北非地区电力部门的投资将超过2500亿美元,是所有能源部门中最高的。各国的数据显示,其中,沙特阿拉伯正在开发价值近600亿美元的电力项目,埃及紧随其后,正在开发价值370亿美元的电力项目。

阿联酋9大电力项目  

在中东和北非地区目前排名前25位的电力项目中,有9个电力项目在阿联酋。在项目价值方面,阿联酋以价值260亿美元的计划和开发中电力项目在中东和北非地区位居第3。  

根据国际能源署(IEA)发表的一份新报告,今年全球能源投资将增长8%,达到2.4万亿美元,预计投资增加的主要部分是清洁能源。

IEA在报告中说:“能源领域的投资都在增加,但近几年来的主要推动力来自电力领域——主要是可再生电力和电网——以及终端使用效率方面支出的增加。”

“清洁能源投资终于开始回升,预计今年将超过1.4万亿美元,占总能源投资增长的近四分之三。”

燃料成本  

IEA在报告中称,由于燃料成本高,今年全球消费者支付的能源账单总额可能首次超过10万亿美元。

根据研究公司彭博新能源财经的一份报告,由于能源价格上涨,今年上半年全球在可再生能源领域的投资增长11%,达到2260亿美元。报告称,新的大型和小型太阳能项目投资增长33%,达到创纪录的1200亿美元,风电项目融资增长16%,至840亿美元。

今年中东和北非地区电力项目旨在促进创新和多元化,以实现能源转型,讨论清洁、绿色和可再生能源的发展,并确保该领域的更多业务。

讨论议题 

中东和北非地区电力项目论坛讨论的议题包括:提高发电机组效率、风电项目、核电项目、新技术改造发电厂、中东和北非地区能源未来、电力能源需求、清洁能源战略及实施方案、新项目公告、最新电力项目更新等。 

第一小组讨论的议题是关于中东和北非地区电力和能源的未来,小组成员包括阿曼愿景2040实施后续部门能源部门主管Faiza Al Harthi,马斯达尔清洁能源执行董事Fawaz Al Muharrami,阿联酋能源和基础设施部顾问Shuvendu Bose,阿拉伯可再生能源委员会秘书长Mohammed Al Taani,约旦可再生能源协会副主席Galal Osman教授,世界风能协会主席,埃及风能协会主席,讨论了中东和北非地区的能源愿景和目标,中东和北非地区的电力部门及其背后的关键因素,当地市场的机会,克服劳动力短缺挑战的战略等。 

第二小组讨论

第二小组讨论的议题是“提高中东和北非地区的输电和配电效率”,由法国EOSOL的一名高管主持。阿布扎比传输和发送公司(Transco)资产管理总监Bruce Stedall博士、中东零能源网络负责人Mayure Daby博士、Atkins博士、ETAP产品和战略高级副总裁兼全球总监Shaikh Sahid Hossain博士和Al Ain配送公司OHL部门负责人Ahmed Awad Al Saeedi博士,讨论了应对极端天气挑战、加强网络弹性、探索提高电网稳定性的顶级解决方案、可再生能源连接,利用创新自动化等。 

阿联酋能源最高委员会需求端管理高级主任Faisal Ali Rashid就“迪拜如何实现2030年和2050年的清洁能源战略和实施计划”这一主题进行了独家演讲,随后为阿联酋、阿曼和埃及进行了国别简报和项目重点介绍。

第三小组讨论的议题是“中东和北非地区的核能——机遇和挑战”,FANR联邦核法规管理局核安全主任Sara Rashad Al Saadi、中东和非洲核与零净能源主管David Haboubi、Atkins SNC-Lavalin和阿布扎比大学健康科学学院助理教授Rahaf Ajaj博士是小组成员。该小组由未来水电咨询公司(FWPC)电力和水总经理Imteyaz Ahmad主持。小组成员强调了在中东和北非地区探索新的核电站项目和机会。 

风力发电  

小组讨论之后,世界风能协会副主席、创始人、埃及风能协会主席Galal Osman教授就“中东和北非地区的风力发电”进行了独家演讲。  

中东和北非地区电力项目论坛由活动主席、印度信诚工业有限公司高级副总裁、欧盟-海合会清洁能源网络董事Frank Wouters致闭幕词。本次论坛的官方风力涡轮机合作伙伴是昂科威,官方脱碳合作伙伴是艾默生。参展方为NL声学,战略合作伙伴为PGESCO、MOTWANE、OZEE能源和ETAP。

李峻 编译自 阿拉伯贸易网

原文如下:

Renewables will dominate $250bn power projects in Mena

Some $250 billion worth of power projects in the Middle East and North Africa (Mena) region will undergo a transitional shift from fossil-fuel to renewable energy sources as well as clean nuclear energy, said officials and experts. 

The Mena region is expected to add 5.6 GW of installed capacity from renewables in 2022, nearly double the 3GW which came online in 2021, they said at the two-day Mena Power Projects 2022 conference that took off on September 7 at the Conrad Abu Dhabi Etihad Tower, UAE.

By 2026, the region is expected to add 33GW by installed capacity of renewables, with around 26 GW as utility and distributed solar PV, according to a latest report published by Arab Petroleum Investments Corporation (Apicorp).

Over 200 delegates

More than 200 delegates including senior government officials, project owners, project management professionals, project developers, contractors, sub-contractors, technology providers, utility suppliers, industry experts and key stakeholders are taking part at the event.

The UAE is at the forefront of the energy transition from fossil fuels to renewable energy and green hydrogen eco-system, officials said.

“The UAE Energy Strategy 2050 has clear objectives: Increasing the share of clean energy in the total energy mix to reach 50 percent by the year 2050; reducing the carbon footprint of power generation by 70 percent and increasing consumption efficiency of all users by 40 percent,” Yousif Ahmed Al Ali, Assistant Undersecretary for Water, Electricity & and Future Energy Affairs, Ministry of Energy & and Infrastructure, UAE, told delegates.

Clean electrification

“Over the next decade, the UAE will focus on driving clean electrification through solar and nuclear power, implementing transparent policy, improving energy efficiency, reducing methane emissions and turbocharging innovation to commercialisation of hydrogen, accompanied by strategies to unlock capital flows in support of clean energy transitions and ensure reliability and affordability.”

He said supporting the UAE’s national agenda and the developments in the Power and Water sectors, the UAE Government has launched strategic projects to transform the sector, namely nuclear, which is a pioneering initiative in the Middle East, leading the region’s first large-scale solar PV plants, first solar thermal, battery storages, hydro-storage, waste-to-energy, etc.

Mohammed Al Taani, Secretary-General of the Arab Renewable Energy Commission, said, the Arab World will see more than 300 million Electric Vehicles (EVs) in operation by 2040.

Hydrogen and EVs

“The Arab World will witness $700 billion investment in renewable energy transition between 2020 and 2050 with a target to generate more than 70 Gigawatts of power from renewable energy by 2050,” he said. “Hydrogen and EVs will account for 300 million vehicles by 2040 and more than 60% of the total active vehicles by 2050.”

According to the Pan Arab Clean Energy (PACE) initiative by the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA), the Arab World is committed to raise the power generation by renewable energy to 80 GW by 2030. This will bring a large number of renewable energy projects online in the next few years.

According to Apicorp, investment in the Mena power sector will exceed a total of $250 billion, the highest of all energy sectors. Of these, nearly $60 billion worth of power projects are being developed in Saudi Arabia, followed by Egypt where $37 billion worth of power projects, country-wise data shows. 

9 top power projects in UAE

Among the current top 25 power projects in Mena region, 9 of them are in the UAE. In terms of project value, the UAE comes third with $26 billion worth of power projects under planning and development.

Global energy investment is set to increase by 8% to reach $2.4 trillion in 2022, with the anticipated rise coming mainly in clean energy, according to a new report by the International Energy Agency (IEA). 

“Investment is increasing in all parts of the energy sector, but the main boost in recent years has come from the power sector - mainly in renewables and grids - and from increased spending on end-use efficiency,” IEA said in the report. 

“Clean energy investment is - finally - starting to pick up and is expected to exceed $1.4 trillion in 2022, accounting for almost three-quarters of the growth in overall energy investment.”

Cost of fuel

Due to the high cost of fuel, the total energy bill paid by the world’s consumers is likely to top $10 trillion for the first time in 2022, it said.

Global investment in the renewable energy sector climbed 11% to $226 billion in the first half of 2022 amid higher energy prices, according to a report by research company BloombergNEF (Bnef). Investment in new large- and small-scale solar projects rose 33% to a record-breaking $120 billion, while wind project financing grew 16% to $84 billion, the report said.

Mena Power Projects 2022 aims to foster innovation and diversification to achieve energy transition, discuss on the development of clean, green and renewable energy and secure more businesses in this sector. Delegates at the forum will listen from more than 40 experts discussing a set of wide-ranging subjects. 

Discussion topics

On the first day, the discussion topics for the Mena Power Projects Forum included increasing efficiency of power generating units, wind power, nuclear power projects, retro-fitting power plants with new technology, Mena energy future, electricity energy demand, clean energy strategy and implementation plan, new project announcements and updates on latest power projects etc.

The first panel discussion was on future of power and energy at the Mena region where panelists, Faiza Al Harthi, Energy Sector Head, Oman Vision 2040 Implementation Follow-up Unit and Fawaz Al Muharrami, Executive Director, Masdar Clean Energy, Shuvendu Bose, Consultant, Ministry of Energy & Infrastructure, UAE, Mohammed Al Taani, Secretary General of the Arab Renewable Energy Commission, Vice Chairman of the Jordanian Renewables Energy Society, Prof. Galal Osman, Vice President, Founder, World Wind Energy Association, President, Egypt Wind Energy Association, Egypt discussed Mena’s energy visions and goals, region’s power sector and the key factors behind it, opportunities in the local markets, and strategies to overcome the labour shortage challenge etc. 

Second panel discussion

The second panel discussion of the day was on the topic ‘Improving transmission and distribution efficiency in the region’, which was moderated by a senior executive from EOSOL. The panelists Dr Bruce Stedall, Director of Asset Management, Abu Dhabi Transmission and Despatch Company (Transco), Mayure Daby, Head Net Zero Energy, Middle East, Atkins, Shaikh Sahid Hossain, Senior Vice President & Global Director for Product and Strategy, ETAP and Ahmed Awad Al Saeedi, Head of OHL Section, Al Ain Distribution Company discussed about tackling extreme weather challenge, strengthening network resilience, exploring top solutions to enhance grid stability, renewable energy connection, utilising innovative automation etc. 

Faisal Ali Rashid, Senior Director, Demand Side Management, Supreme Council of Energy, UAE, gave an exclusive presentation on the topic ‘Dubai approach towards clean energy strategy and implementation plan on the horizon of 2030 & 2050’, followed by country briefings for UAE, Oman and Egypt and project spotlights. 

For the third panel discussion of the day, ‘Nuclear power in the Mena region - opportunities and challenges’, Sara Rashad Al Saadi, Director Nuclear Safety, Federal Authority for Nuclear Regulations, FANR, David Haboubi, Head of Nuclear & Net Zero Energy, Middle East & Africa, Atkins SNC-Lavalin and Dr Rahaf Ajaj, Assistant Professor, College of Health Sciences, Abu Dhabi University were the panelists. The panel was moderated by Imteyaz Ahmad, Managing Director - Power and Water, Future Water and Power Consulting (FWPC). Panelists emphasised on exploring the new nuclear plant projects and opportunities in the region. 

Wind power

This panel discussion was followed by an exclusive presentation on ‘Wind power in the Mena region’ by Prof. Galal Osman, Vice President, Founder, World Wind Energy Association, President, Egypt Wind Energy Association, Egypt.

The Mena Power Projects Forum will end with closing remarks by the event chairman, Frank Wouters, Senior Vice President, Reliance Industries Limited, Director, EU-GCC Clean Energy Network, followed by networking lunch break. 

The official wind turbine partner for the event is Envision and official decarbonising partner is Emerson. The exhibitor is NL acoustics, and the strategic partners are PGESCO, MOTWANE, OZEE Energy, and ETAP.



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